In the second half of the 18th century, when rebuilding Štiřín in the baroque style, its then owner decided to found a park and erect several greenhouses. However, the park’s current landscape composition was established as late as at the end of the 19th century when its overall arrangement and dendrological structure was considerably affected by the founder of the Průhonice Park, Count Arnošt Emanuel Silva-Tarouca, and an important representative of the Austrian Dendrological Society, Camillo Schneider.
A systematic and professional renewal of the then 12-hectare chateau park started in 1985. It was so successful that the park currently belongs among the best historical gardens and parks in the Czech Republic. It is also a prime example of sensitive installation of new elements in the original composition in a way that does not reduce its historical value.
Only the following tree species are original:
- Canadian hemlock (Tsuga canadiensis), Serbian spruce (Picea omorica),
- Tartarian maple (Acer tataricum),
- some oaks (Quercus robur “Cupressiodes” and “Fastigiata“ – Quercus rubra – Quercus coccinea),
- hornbeams (Carpinus betulus Fastigiata)and above all a wonderful weeping beech (Fagus sylvatica Pendula) that is some 200 years old, 3.20m thick and 19m tall.
After the removal of weed trees and renewal of the original vistas and passages, new types of trees were planted (some 500 coniferous trees, 90 deciduous trees, 5,500 shrubs, 1,200 rhododendrons and 550 azaleas in total). There are 72 species and varieties of coniferous trees in the park, the most interesting of which are the Siberian fir (Abies sibirica), ginkgo tree (Ginkgo biloba), dawn redwood (Metasequoia glyptostroboides), gold-burgeoning oriental spruce (Picea orientalis-Aureospica), Brewer’s spruce (Picea breweriana), hickory pine (Pinus aristata) and Jeffrey’s and Walich’s pine (Pinus Jeffreyi and Wallichiana).
Among the most interesting of the 15 species and varieties of deciduous trees found in the park are the Norway maple with crimson leaves (Acer platanoides Crimson King), yellow poplar (Liliodendron tulipifera), some oaks, such as Fagus sylvatica “Aspelenifolia“ – “Zlatia“ – “Rohanii“ – “Rotundifolia” or the European white birch (Betula jacquemontii).
There are 57 species and varieties of shrubs in the park, among them the Japanese maple (Acer palmatum), Venetian sumac with purple leaves (Cotinus coggygria Royal Purple), St. John’s wort (Hypericum calycinum) or English holly (Ilex aquifolium, Ilex crenata).
There are also thousands of rhododendrons in the park. They were planted as full-grown plants in a wide range of various shapes and colours. At the moment, we have recorded 120 cultivars. In this connection we should also mention the reconstruction of all original water canals supplying all groups of rhododendrons and newly planted trees. The aforementioned assortment of trees has been planted above all thanks to our excellent collaboration with the Botanical Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic in Průhonice and the Research Institute of Decorative Gardening in Průhonice.
The park’s new structure now features a 9-hole golf course very sensitively blending into the surrounding landscape, creating a romantic and unique environment and forming a natural part of the entire complex of buildings, gardens and other structures.
In 1992, the management of Chateau Štiřín, together with the Botanical Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic Průhonice, prepared a landscape reconstruction proposal whose main objective was to create a natural transition between the park and the surrounding countryside. The necessary conditions of the following stage of reconstruction of Štiřín have been created thanks to the ŠTIŘÍN FOUNDATION. The entire reconstruction and restoration project, including interiors, exteriors, parks, gardens, golf course, tennis court and small romantic structures, has been designed and implemented by Václav Hrubý in collaboration with his colleagues and various organisations and institutions.